The regulation of private gun ownership in Europe has been shaped by the objective to limit related security risks, and especially the risks of gun violence in our society. In-depth research into the characteristics and dynamics of gun violence in Europe is scarce, partially as a result of a lack of reliable, comprehensive and detailed data on this phenomenon. Project TARGET aims to improve our understanding of gun violence in Europe and the relationship between gun violence and firearms trafficking.
The main research question of this research project is therefore:
- What is the scope and nature of gun violence in Europe?
To answer this research question we first have to address the lacuna of knowledge on gun violence across Europe and the firearms used in these acts of violence:
- What is the impact of illicit firearms trafficking on gun violence?
- What firearms are used in gun violence in Europe?
Answering these above questions will provide us with insights into the problems of data collection related to illicit firearms trafficking and gun violence in Europe and on the possibilities for enhancing EU and national policy options to combating illicit firearms trafficking and its impact on gun violence. The final research questions of this project are therefore:
- What are the main challenges for data collection on the impact of illicit firearms trafficking on gun violence in Europe?
- What policy should be developed with regard to illicit firearms trafficking to prevent gun violence in Europe more effectively and efficiently?
Project TARGET will significantly improve our understanding of the dynamics of gun violence across Europe and the impact of illicit firearms trafficking on gun violence. This improved understanding will allow for better detection, investigation and prosecution of these phenomena. The project results can also be used to strengthen various types of initiatives to combat gun violence from different perspectives (policy, law enforcement and criminal justice, civil society) and at different levels (EU, national, local). As Project TARGET will be the first in-depth study on the relationship between illicit firearms trafficking and different types of gun violence across Europe, it will become a baseline study for future studies monitoring gun violence across Europe and evaluating the impact of various measures undertaken to combat illicit firearms trafficking and gun violence in Europe. In addition, it will enable future research projects on different specific aspects of these security phenomena, for example by identifying the existing challenges with regard to data collection.