The Flemish Peace Institute is an independent
institute for peace research at the Flemish Parliament.

Cumulative extremism: Behind the scenes of toxic us-versus-them dynamics

Publication date: 23/01/2023

Cumulative extremism is the process by which different forms of extremism interact and reinforce each other, which often translates into a dynamic of violent or non-violent reactions and counter-reactions. The current, multifaceted landscape of extremism in Europe – with some forms of extremism diametrically opposed to one another – calls for renewed attention to this phenomenon.

In her analysis, which you can download in full here, researcher Annelies Pauwels takes a closer look at the phenomenon of cumulative extremism as well as the possible implications for policymakers.


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